Dental caries, often called cavities, are erosions of the surface of the tooth caused by the combined effects of bacteria, acids, plaque and tartar. Dental caries are common in both children and adults, and they occur most often as a result of poor dental hygiene. Dental caries are usually painless at first, but they may become painful if they spread to the nerve or root of a tooth. Left untreated, dental caries can progress to a tooth abscess, which is a more painful and potentially serious condition. Dental Caries can usually be prevented by maintaining a good oral hygiene and regular brushing and flossing. We at Bangalore Dental solutions also recognize the importance of early cavity detection, so along with traditional methods like evaluation and the use of X-Rays we have introduced the latest technology of laser detection in our treatment of cavities.
Gentle Ray – Dental Caries-Diagnosis
It’s becoming increasingly difficult to detect tooth decay as the toothpaste that we use and the water that we drink contain high levels of fluoride which hardens the tooth enamel, so even though the tooth appears unaffected there may be decay inside. X-rays are not able to detect such cavities, and in such case the laser technology is very helpful.
Laser cavity detection is based on the fact that healthy tooth reflects light differently than does a decayed tooth. More simply, light easily penetrates healthy teeth and has a tougher time passing through dental cavities.
Our dentists perform laser cavity detection by beaming laser light onto the chewing area of your teeth. A pen like instrument is used to survey the mouth whereas an attached readout portion of the machine calculates the possibility of tooth decay. When we register an increase in the light wavelength we know for sure about a cavity which would have otherwise gone undetected.