“You are required to undergo Root Canal Therapy!”
Do these words sound frightful? – You possibly fear thinking about the fact that you need to undergo the drill and the procedure might be painful. This fear could be because of the incorrect information you must have read or heard from unverified sources. The best source to gather your information about a root canal treatment for yourself is from your dentist.
In this article, we will highlight –
Let's first understand the Root Canal –
We all know a tooth consists of the crown and the roots, where the roots attach the tooth to the jawbone. Inside the crown and the root, or the root canal, is the dental pulp – a hollow section of a tooth that contains the nerve tissue, blood vessels, and other cells, known as the dental pulp. The pulp nourishes the tooth and provides moisture to the surrounding material. The nerves in the pulp sense temperatures as pain.
Root canal has become a commonly used term to talk about the procedure, however, it is actually a type of Endodontic therapy. “Endo” is the Greek word for ”inside” and “'odont” is Greek for “tooth.; It's treating the inside of the tooth. A root canal is done to remove bacteria from the infected root canal of the tooth and prevent it from further infection.
Endodontic treatment is recommended by dentists when the pulp, the soft tissue inside the root canal, becomes inflamed and infected. There are various reasons why the root canal may become inflamed or infected – Tooth decay, missing or chipped tooth, repeated procedures on the same tooth, and more. If pulp inflammation or infection is diagnosed, one should not leave it untreated, it can cause pain or lead to an abscess.
There are a few classic symptoms that signal that you need a root canal treatment—
It's best to visit the dentist when you start noticing these signs and symptoms. Once the dentists diagnose it, you need to start the treatment; without treatment, the infection will spread, and eventually, the tooth will become loose and need an extraction.
Removing a tooth or tooth extraction may mean that the surrounding teeth start to move and become crooked. This can look unsightly, and it can make it hard to have a good bite. Root canal therapy will usually save the tooth and eliminate the pain; but if left untreated, sometimes your dentist will not be able to save the tooth. If the tooth cannot be saved, the next best option is an implant.
However, saving the natural tooth is best because nothing functions as well as a natural tooth.
Root canal therapy is done in three steps, and it takes between one and three sessions to complete.
An anesthesia is administered to numb the area around the tooth. An opening is made through the crown of the tooth to reach the pulp chamber. The infected pulp is then cleaned and removed out of the canals. Irrigation method is used to help clean the canals and remove debris.
The canal is then filled with a permanent material that helps to keep the canal free of infection or contamination called the gutta-percha.
A temporary filling material is placed on top of the gutta-percha to seal the opening. This temporary filling remains until the tooth receives a permanent filling or a crown. After root canal therapy, the tooth is dead, you will no longer feel any pain in that tooth as the nerve tissue has been removed, and the infection is removed.
The tooth will now be more fragile than it was before and is not fit for a bite. Hence, a crown or filling is required for protection. The crown looks like a natural tooth and is placed over the top of the tooth (The crown is sometimes referred to as a cap). Once the tooth is covered with the cap, your tooth is good to go and it continues to function like any other tooth free of pain.
While drills and other dental tools have been used for a long time to remove the infected pulp from a decayed tooth, the additional use of laser in the treatment has made quite the changes in how the entire Root Canal procedure works.
With the advent of lasers in endodontics, root canal therapy is no longer a dreaded dental procedure. Laser-Assisted Root Canal therapy has shown to be more beneficial compared to conventional root canal treatment especially in terms of pain and disinfection. Dental lasers offer a high degree of accuracy and safety compared to conventional methods.
The laser emits an energy beam that can cut into all sorts of materials like teeth and gum tissue. The laser treatment works by producing non-thermal photoacoustic shock waves – i.e. it uses two laser wavelengths Er: YAG and Nd: YAG,/Diod making the best use of the unique laser-tissue interaction features of each wavelength. Er: YAG induces shock waves in the cleaning solutions and Nd: YAG has a superior bactericidal effect. The canals and accessory canals are clean debris consisting of bacteria and infection. When the laser is introduced into the tooth access, you see the solution pulsating with the debris of dead tissue streaming out of the access hole making the canals free of dead tissues.
Lasers have the ability to reach the deepest pockets and target bacteria areas with greater accuracy. This helps in preserving healthier tooth structure and ensuring it is completely disinfected. Laser-assisted RCT helps in the reduction of at least 99% bacteria as the root canal approaches sterilization. Since the laser has the ability to reach and clean the accessory canal, the root canal sealer can reach right at the bottom of the root canal which results in a better seal of the root canal.
Lesser pain with Laser-assisted Root Canal Treatment – Traditional root canal treatment follows cleaning and disinfection of root canals by mechanical debridement and using chemical agents like chlorhexidine, sodium hypochlorite, etc. However, this chemical-mechanical approach may not always achieve complete sterilization. And in most cases may lead to reinfection and rarely, failure of root canal therapy. When lasers are used in addition to these chemo-mechanical methods to ensure complete disinfection of the root canals, they seize infection and effectuate a sterile atmosphere in the infected root canals.
Laser-assisted root canal treatment has a high level of precision and allows dentists to target specific areas that are being worked on without harming the surrounding gum tissue. Additionally, most procedures performed with lasers do not require anesthesia. If pain is something that makes you nervous about undergoing root canal therapy, talk to your dentist about laser-assisted Root Canal therapy. However, please remember, Laser-assisted Root Canal Treatment does not eliminate pain completely, the pain is simply much lesser compared to conventional methods.
you may also want to read the difference between a regular RCT procedure vs laser-assisted RCT procedure
A root canal therapy is done to relieve you of the pain of toothaches caused by pulp inflammation and infection. Given modern dental technologies, like laser-assisted root canal therapy, patients report minimal pain during the procedure. Also, anesthesia is administered before the procedure begins.
The tooth and the surrounding area may feel sensitive after the first few days of the therapy. The dentist will provide some over-the-counter pills for pain relief. Having sensitivity and slight pain is normal post the treatment. However, if you have severe pain or pressure or pain that lasts more than a week, call your dentist.
As we have seen, the root canal treatment cleans the tooth from the inside, clearing out the dead pulp and replacing it with a strong filling material to repair the tooth. After which your tooth is sealed and secured with a crown (cap) and it continues to function normally, free from decay. But the most common question asked after the surgery is, “What can I eat?”
Once your root canal therapy is complete, you have to be careful not to tease and cause irritation to that part of your mouth that has gone under the drill. Eating wrong could increase the chance of breaking or damaging the tooth, which would lead to further complications and the possibility of additional dental treatments.
What food can you eat after root canal therapy?
What NOT to eat and drink after root canal therapy?
read our detailed article on what you can or not eat eat after a root canal treatment
A root canal is performed in an effort to save your tooth. Sometimes, however, the damage is too deep or the enamel is too frail to withstand the procedure. These factors can lead to loss of the tooth.
Another risk is developing an abscess at the root of the tooth if some of the infected material remains behind, this is mostly when the procedure is conducted using the traditional root canal procedure or if the antibiotics have not been quite effective.
If you're not very sure about a root canal, talk to your dentist about other available options or an extraction instead. Although a dentist will always opt for saving your tooth before choosing to extract it, they will also give you complete information on how the extraction procedure should work. Extraction involves placing a partial denture, bridge, or implant in place of the damaged tooth.
In rare cases, even after a root canal therapy is done, it can fail – in weeks, months or years. This can happen due to external factors affecting the tooth – injury to the tooth, fractured tooth, chipped tooth, eating food that is hard to bite, and more. In such cases, the infection can still spread around the teeth. Treatment options in the case of a failed root canal include redoing the root canal or an apicoectomy.
Redoing the root canal procedure involves repeating all the steps of performing a root canal. In addition to it, also involves removing the previous root canal filling. It also involves placing a new crown. Redoing a root canal can sometimes be tricky and hence we recommend you take an opinion from the best endodontist. At Dental Solutions, we have professionally conducted RCTs on patients and have had a great success rate.
Redoing may or may not be successful. If redoing is required many patients opt for placing a dental implant rather than retreating a root canal in order to avoid an unsuccessful treatment.
The other option for treating a failed root canal is a procedure called an apicoectomy. An apicoectomy is also known as root end surgery. It involves the removal of a tooth's root tip and surrounding tissue and the infection from the root tip area is removed. A filling is then placed on the tip of the root in order to seal the bacteria spread inside the tooth and restrict it from reaching into the bone. An apicoectomy is more invasive than a typical root canal surgery.
Talk to your dentist or endodontist before you start your first root canal treatment.
The cost of Root Canal Treatment in Bangalore ranges from INR 4,000 to INR 10,000. The cost can vary depending on multiple factors such as additional diagnostics recommended, condition of the patient, complexity of the case, and the method of treatment (Traditional or Laser-Assisted Dental therapy).
Get a cost estimate for Root Canal Treatment in Bangalore – https://dentalsolutionsclinic.com/treatments/cost-of-root-canal-treatment/
It is critically important to continue maintaining good oral hygiene. Brush twice daily, floss once a day, and use antiseptic mouthwash regularly to maintain the health of your teeth.
Do not miss out on the follow-up treatment with your dentists.
A good oral hygiene routine will help you maintain healthy teeth and gums for years into the future.
Dental Solutions Bangalore has been treating its patients for Root Canals for over a decade and is proud to be one of the best dental clinics in Bangalore offering Laser assisted root canal treatment. For all your root canal related queries, reach out to us.